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What are the Different Types of Gold

What are the Different Types of Gold

Gold has always been identified as a coveted and highly valued material throughout human existence. Even stretching back to ancient times, types of gold have always held a sign of prestige and beauty. As a result, it has always been set apart from all other precious metals. But there are many types of gold available.

Gold has seen a fair share of evolution throughout time. Nevertheless, it remains extremely valuable even though it has developed a great deal of variety and taken on various forms. The different colours, platings, and gold karats each have unique applications. In this article, we will talk about the types of gold.

White Gold.

White Gold

In this case, gold is typically combined with another metal, such as silver, platinum or nickel. The combination forms "white gold". The word "white gold" refers to various hues of precious metal gold. Did you know that, throughout the past, rose gold and green gold have been referred to as "white gold"? White gold is known to be a durable alloy. However, when we combine the metal with palladium, which is a softer metal, it produces a more malleable alloy. These various alloys can be helpful in various phases throughout the jewellery-making process.

Because of its malleability, white gold, among other types of gold, can be found in a wide range of karats. As a result of that, white gold can be purchased for a wide range of prices. It is essential to be aware that some white gold may contain nickel in addition to mercury. These are two of the substances that are known to aggravate skin conditions and cause toxicity. For this reason, purchasing jewellery from vendors with a good reputation is essential.

Green gold.

Green gold

The history of green gold can be traced back to the sixth century BC. The currency of the ancient Lydian people was emerald gold. As mentioned above, green gold was known as "white gold" in Ancient Egypt. Green gold was utilised on the summits of religious structures such as pyramids and obelisks. In more recent times, beginning in 1980, the metal combination has been utilised in awarding the Nobel Prize.

The colour of 18K green gold and 14K green gold varies depending on the proportions of gold, silver, copper, etc., used in its manufacture. In most cases, the 18K versions have a higher value than the 14K counterparts.

In general, because earlier 18K green gold may contain nickel and cadmium, both heavy metals that are toxic to humans. Aside from that, when compared with other types of gold, green gold is a historical metal with a certain air of mystique. Last but not least, it is considered an attractive type of gold.

Black gold.

Black gold

Oxidation, chemical vapour deposition, and patination are the three processes that can produce black gold. However, these are considered different plating techniques and are all complicated processes. As a result, black gold is not a genuine substance in the same sense that rose gold, and white gold is true commodities. The novelty may be fascinating, but the plating will wear off over time, which means that you will end up with a white gold ring after about a year has passed.

Gold-plated jewellery.

Gold-plated jewellery.

Gold plating, which is the most common technique and also the most affordable, can be applied to a wide variety of jewellery. The coating of base metal with a layer of gold using an electroplating solution constitutes the procedure known as gold plating. What is a base metal? It is a relatively inexpensive material, such as copper, nickel, or a combination of several different metals.

When jewellers and manufacturers produce gold-plated jewellery, the price of the jewellery is determined by the thickness of the gold plating. A micron is the unit of measurement used to determine the thickness of the gold coating. The plating on most costume jewellery is less than 1 micron thick, so it will rapidly wear off over time. Gold plating of 2 to 3 microns may be used on the higher-end designer or branded jewellery to ensure that the colour will remain for an extended period. Gold-plated jewellery is considered important when it comes to types of gold.

Rose gold.

Rose gold.

Carl Fabergé, a renowned jeweller, is credited with being the one who first presented rose. That was back in the 1800s. Rose gold, when compared with other types of gold, is relatively new to the industry. But it has quickly become one of the most popular colours of gold.

Gold, copper, and silver are the three primary components of rose gold. Copper brings out the reddish hue that is characteristic of rose gold. The majority of rose gold metals consist of either 18k or 14k gold. Compared to other types of gold, 18k rose gold has a higher content, resulting in a brighter but more muted pinkish appearance. The increased amount of copper found in 14k rose gold gives it a darker hue but dulls the metal's brilliance.

Gold Vermeil.

Gold Vermeil.

Vermeil is sterling silver plated with a gold alloy with a minimum purity of 10k. Therefore, it is necessary for the gold coating to have a thickness of at least 2.5 microns. In most cases, gold vermeil is produced by coating sterling silver jewellery with liquid gold and applying an electric current to the piece to fuse the gold plating to the silver. This process is known as vermeil.

Vermeil has a much smaller percentage of gold, so its price is significantly lower than gold-filled or rolled gold, even though sterling silver is more valuable than the base metals used in both processes. Vermeil jewellery will also tarnish over time because the gold layer will wear away.


The most prevalent colours of gold are yellow and white. Yellow gold and white gold are both considered to be gold. Which are the best types of gold? It all comes down to personal preference and how you intend to put it to use: does it go well with the rest of your jewellery? Is it within your budgetary constraints? Is it resistant to wear and tear? These are the realities; now it's up to you to decide what to do and what the best types of gold are!